Help, tips and assistance for students. This blog is part of a range specifically for students and can be found, along with others, under Student GCSE Blogs.

This is a typical question for P2 Q4 Comparison of viewpoint:


AQA Paper2, Question 4 asks for a comparison of writer’s view/perspective and what methods (techniques) the author/writer used to convey them. You need to meet these skill descriptors:


What do you think the viewpoint of these short extracts are?


I don’t think it is coincidence that it’s taken a few hours of the morning sun warming the water for the bigger fish to be found more regularly in shallower water. It’s not always the case, but most reports of bigger fish have come after a couple of hours of sunlight.


Techniques: 1st person POV, long and complex sentence, short paragraphs, building up excitement, alliteration, repetition of idea, present tense.

View/Perspective: anticipation, patience, mysterious.


It seemed like a bit of a joke at first. “I’m making my family German,” I would announce to friends in glee, delighting in their surprise and interest. My enthusiasm motivated my mother to apply for her own dual citizenship. The paperwork for my five-year-old nephew is almost ready to be submitted for his own certificate and passport. But it seemed too far-fetched to take seriously: I couldn’t quite believe we would be accepted, despite our cultural right to be.


Techniques: 1st person POV, anecdotes, emotive, direct speech, informal, past tense.

View/Perspective: positive, upbeat, pensive, scared.


Parenting is a complex job and it is not uncommon for modern parents to need a little help along the way. Parenting is a huge responsibility, especially in the times we live in. And there are many different kinds of parenting classes, designed for different stages of parenting. So whether first time parents need a little help with the basics of baby care or even more seasoned parents need some advice on potty training or bullying at school, it is important for parents to seek help and advice.


Techniques: 3rd person POV, emotive, present tense, repetition of ‘parenting’, opinion. present tense, persuasive.

View/Perspective: serious, informative, biased tone leads to persuasion.


Hines’s research, the most up to date, did however identify a gendered divide in the preference for toys. Although not a strict rule, boys were more likely to look at cars and girls at dolls. Previous studies have found that this not only relates to the gender of children but their exposure to androgen (“male” hormones) in the womb. This American research even showed that there is a similar gendered preference for toys in monkeys leading some to conclude that children are born with gendered tastes in toys.


Techniques: 3rd person POV, formal, serious, long complex sentences, facts, technical language, mixture of tenses (mainly past)

View/Perspective: formal and concluding, respectful


Millions of young men were slaughtered during the first world war – “body-bagged for life”, in Sainsbury’s parlance – and doubtless as they lay dying in foreign fields, gazing down at what remained of their mud-caked, punctured, broken bodies, gasping their final agonised breaths, it would have been a great source of comfort for them to know their noble sacrifice would still be honoured a century later, in an advert for a shop.


Techniques: 3rd person POV, informal, emotive, hyperbole, imagery, alliteration, one long complex sentence/paragraph, quotes, deliberately inappropriate humour.

View/Perspective: Sarcastic, informal, scathing, scornful, mocking, facetious


Thanks for reading


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