Your Emotional Vocabulary List

Help, tips and assistance for students. This blog is part of a range specifically for students and can be found, along with others, under Student GCSE Blogs.

ANGER, APATHY, and HATRED

Soft Anger and Apathy

Annoyed ~ Apathetic ~ Bored ~ Certain ~ Cold ~ Crabby ~ Cranky ~ Critical ~ Cross ~ Detached ~ Displeased ~ Frustrated ~ Impatient ~ Indifferent ~ Irritated ~ Peeved ~ Rankled

Medium (or Mood-State) Anger

Affronted ~ Aggravated ~ Angry ~ Antagonized ~ Arrogant ~ Bristling ~ Exasperated ~ Incensed ~ Indignant ~ Inflamed ~ Mad ~ Offended ~ Resentful ~ Riled up ~ Sarcastic

Intense Anger and Hatred

Aggressive ~ Appalled ~ Belligerent ~ Bitter ~ Contemptuous ~ Disgusted ~ Furious ~ Hateful ~ Hostile ~ Irate ~ Livid ~ Menacing ~ Outraged ~ Ranting ~ Raving ~ Seething ~ Spiteful ~ Vengeful ~ Vicious ~ Vindictive ~ Violent

 

SHAME and GUILT

Soft Shame and Guilt

Abashed ~ Awkward ~ Discomfited ~ Flushed ~ Flustered ~ Hesitant ~ Humble ~ Reticent ~ Self-conscious ~ Speechless ~ Withdrawn

Medium (or Mood-State) Shame and Guilt

Ashamed ~ Chagrined ~ Contrite ~ Culpable ~ Embarrassed ~ Guilty ~ Humbled ~ Intimidated ~ Penitent ~ Regretful ~ Remorseful ~ Reproachful ~ Rueful ~ Sheepish

Intense Shame and Guilt

Belittled ~ Degraded ~ Demeaned ~ Disgraced ~ Guilt-ridden ~ Guilt-stricken ~ Humiliated ~ Mortified ~ Ostracized ~ Self-condemning ~ Self-flagellating ~ Shamefaced ~ Stigmatized

FEAR, ANXIETY and PANIC

Soft Fear and Anxiety

Alert ~ Apprehensive ~ Cautious ~ Concerned ~ Confused ~ Curious ~ Disconcerted ~ Disoriented ~ Disquieted ~ Doubtful ~ Edgy ~ Fidgety ~ Hesitant ~ Indecisive ~ Insecure ~ Instinctive ~ Intuitive ~  Leery ~ Pensive ~ Shy ~ Timid ~ Uneasy ~ Watchful

Medium (or Mood-State) Fear and Anxiety

Afraid ~ Alarmed ~ Anxious ~ Aversive ~ Distrustful ~ Fearful ~ Jumpy ~ Nervous ~ Perturbed ~ Rattled ~ Shaky ~ Startled ~ Suspicious ~ Unnerved ~ Unsettled ~ Wary ~ Worried

Intense Fear and Panic

Filled with Dread ~ Horrified ~ Panicked ~ Paralyzed ~ Petrified ~ Phobic ~ Shocked ~ Terrorized

 

JEALOUSY & ENVY

Soft Jealousy & Envy

Disbelieving ~ Distrustful ~ Insecure ~ Protective ~ Suspicious ~ Vulnerable

Medium (or Mood-State) Jealousy & Envy

Covetous ~ Demanding ~ Desirous ~ Envious ~ Jealous ~ Threatened

Intense Jealousy & Envy

Avaricious ~ Gluttonous ~ Grasping ~ Greedy ~ Green with Envy ~ Persistently Jealous ~ Possessive Resentful

 

HAPPINESS, CONTENTMENT, and JOY

Soft Happiness

Amused ~ Calm ~ Encouraged ~ Friendly ~ Hopeful ~ Inspired ~ Jovial ~ Open ~ Peaceful ~ Smiling – Upbeat

Medium (or Mood-State) Happiness and Contentment

Cheerful ~ Contented ~ Delighted ~ Excited ~ Fulfilled ~ Glad ~ Gleeful ~ Gratified ~ Happy ~ Healthy Self-esteem ~ Joyful ~ Lively ~ Merry ~ Optimistic ~ Playful ~ Pleased ~ Proud ~ Rejuvenated ~ Satisfied

Intense Happiness, Contentment, and Joy

Awe-filled ~ Blissful ~ Ecstatic ~ Egocentric ~ Elated ~ Enthralled ~ Euphoric ~ Exhilarated ~ Giddy ~ Jubilant ~ Manic ~ Overconfident ~ Overjoyed ~ Radiant ~ Rapturous ~ Self-aggrandized ~ Thrilled

 

SADNESS, GRIEF, and DEPRESSION

Soft Sadness

Contemplative ~ Disappointed ~ Disconnected ~ Distracted ~ Grounded ~ Listless ~ Low ~ Steady ~ Regretful ~ Wistful

Medium (or Mood-State) Sadness, Grief, and Depression

Dejected ~ Discouraged ~ Dispirited ~ Down ~ Downtrodden ~ Drained ~ Forlorn ~ Gloomy ~ Grieving ~ Heavy-hearted ~ Melancholy ~ Mournful ~ Sad ~ Sorrowful ~ Weepy ~ World-weary

Intense Sadness, Grief, and Depression

Anguished ~ Bereaved ~ Bleak ~ Depressed ~ Despairing ~ Despondent ~ Grief-stricken ~ Heartbroken ~ Hopeless ~ Inconsolable ~ Morose

 

DEPRESSION and SUICIDAL URGES

Soft Depression and Suicidal Urges

Apathetic ~ Constantly Irritated, Angry, or Enraged (see the Anger list above) ~ Depressed ~ Discouraged ~ Disinterested ~ Dispirited ~ Feeling Worthless ~ Flat ~ Helpless ~ Humorless ~ Impulsive ~ Indifferent ~ Isolated ~ Lethargic ~ Listless ~ Melancholy ~ Pessimistic ~ Purposeless ~ Withdrawn ~ World-weary

Medium (or Mood-State) Depression and Suicidal Urges

Bereft ~ Crushed ~ Desolate ~ Despairing ~ Desperate ~ Drained ~ Empty ~ Fatalistic ~ Hopeless ~ Joyless ~ Miserable ~ Morbid ~ Overwhelmed ~ Passionless ~ Pleasureless ~ Sullen

Intense Suicidal Urges

Agonized ~ Anguished ~ Bleak ~ Death-seeking ~ Devastated ~ Doomed ~ Gutted ~ Nihilistic ~ Numbed ~ Reckless ~ Self-destructive ~ Suicidal ~ Tormented ~ Tortured

 

Taken/copied from https://karlamclaren.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Emotional-Vocabulary-List-Color.pdf

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Synonyms (& Antonyms)

List of Synonyms

  • Action
    • Come — advance, approach, arrive, near, reach
    • Go — depart, disappear, fade, move, proceed, recede, travel
    • Run — dash, escape, elope, flee, hasten, hurry, race, rush, speed, sprint
    • Hurry — rush, run, speed, race, hasten, urge, accelerate, bustle
    • Hide — conceal, cover, mask, cloak, camouflage, screen, shroud, veil
    • Move — plod, go, creep, crawl, inch, poke, drag, toddle, shuffle, trot, dawdle, walk, traipse, mosey, jog, plug, trudge, slump, lumber, trail, lag, run, sprint, trip, bound, hotfoot, high-tail, streak, stride, tear, breeze, whisk, rush, dash, dart, bolt, fling, scamper, scurry, skedaddle, scoot, scuttle, scramble, race, chase, hasten, hurry, hump, gallop, lope, accelerate, stir, budge, travel, wander, roam, journey, trek, ride, spin, slip, glide, slide, slither, coast, flow, sail, saunter, hobble, amble, stagger, paddle, slouch, prance, straggle, meander, perambulate, waddle, wobble, pace, swagger, promenade, lunge
    • Do — execute, enact, carry out, finish, conclude, effect, accomplish, achieve, attain
    • Have — hold, possess, own, contain, acquire, gain, maintain, believe, bear, beget, occupy, absorb, fill, enjoy
    • Use — employ, utilize, exhaust, spend, expend, consume, exercise
    • Get — acquire, obtain, secure, procure, gain, fetch, find, score, accumulate, win, earn, rep, catch, net, bag, derive, collect, gather, glean, pick up, accept, come by, regain, salvage
    • Keep — hold, retain, withhold, preserve, maintain, sustain, support
    • Put — place, set, attach, establish, assign, keep, save, set aside, effect, achieve, do, build
    • Take — hold, catch, seize, grasp, win, capture, acquire, pick, choose, select, prefer, remove, steal, lift, rob, engage, bewitch, purchase, buy, retract, recall, assume, occupy, consume
    • Make — create, originate, invent, beget, form, construct, design, fabricate, manufacture, produce, build, develop, do, effect, execute, compose, perform, accomplish, earn, gain, obtain, acquire, get
    • Break — fracture, rupture, shatter, smash, wreck, crash, demolish, atomize
    • Destroy — ruin, demolish, raze, waste, kill, slay, end, extinguish
    • Kill — slay, execute, assassinate, murder, destroy, cancel, abolish
    • Cut — gash, slash, prick, nick, sever, slice, carve, cleave, slit, chop, crop, lop, reduce
    • Fall — drop, descend, plunge, topple, tumble
    • Fly — soar, hover, flit, wing, flee, waft, glide, coast, skim, sail, cruise
    • Decide — determine, settle, choose, resolve
    • Help — aid, assist, support, encourage, back, wait on, attend, serve, relieve, succor, benefit, befriend, abet
    • Mark — label, tag, price, ticket, impress, effect, trace, imprint, stamp, brand, sign, note, heed, notice, designate
    • Plan — plot, scheme, design, draw, map, diagram, procedure, arrangement, intention, device, contrivance, method, way, blueprint
    • Show — display, exhibit, present, note, point to, indicate, explain, reveal, prove, demonstrate, expose
  • Antonyms
    • Begin — start, open, launch, initiate, commence, inaugurate, originate
    • End — stop, finish, terminate, conclude, close, halt, cessation, discontinuance, cease, halt, stay, pause, discontinue, conclude, finish, quit
    • Big — large, enormous, huge, immense, gigantic, vast, colossal, gargantuan, sizable, grand, great, tall, substantial, mammoth, astronomical, ample, broad, expansive, spacious, stout, tremendous, titanic, mountainous
    • Little — small, tiny, diminutive, shrimp, runt, miniature, puny, exiguous, dinky, cramped, limited, itsy-bitsy, microscopic, slight, petite, minute
    • New — fresh, unique, original, unusual, novel, modern, current, recent
    • Old — feeble, frail, ancient, weak, aged, used, worn, dilapidated, ragged, faded, broken-down, former, old-fashioned, outmoded, passe, veteran, mature, venerable, primitive, traditional, archaic, conventional, customary, stale, musty, obsolete, extinct
    • False — wrong, fake, fraudulent, counterfeit, spurious, untrue, unfounded, erroneous, deceptive, groundless, fallacious, incorrect, inaccurate, mistaken, erroneous, improper, unsuitable
    • True — right, accurate, proper, precise, exact, valid, genuine, real, actual, trusty, steady, loyal, dependable, sincere, staunch, correct, accurate, factual, true, good, just, honest, upright, lawful, moral, proper, suitable, apt, legal, fair
    • Fast — quick, rapid, speedy, fleet, hasty, snappy, mercurial, swiftly, rapidly, quickly, snappily, speedily, lickety-split, posthaste, hastily, expeditiously, like a flash
    • Slow — unhurried, gradual, leisurely, late, behind, tedious, slack
    • Cool — chilly, cold, frosty, wintry, icy, frigid
    • Hot — feverish, warm, heated, sweltering, torrid, equatorial, tropical, erotic, passionate, spicy, peppery, pungent, sharp tangy, tart, fiery, flaming, sizzling, charged, burning, seared, chafed´, inflamed, irritated, red, smarting, stinging
    • Quiet — silent, still, soundless, mute, tranquil, peaceful, calm, restful, hushed, inaudible
      reticent, reserved, taciturn, secretive, uncommunicative, tightlipped
    • Noisy — loudly, earsplitting, stentorian, strident, clamorous, boisterous, clangorous, deafening, roisterous, uproarious, pandemoniac
    • All — complete, entire, full, gross, outright, perfect, total, utter, whole, any, complete, every, sum, totality, each and every, every bit of, bar none, every single, everything, everyone
    • None — nothing, nobody, no one, zero, zilch, no one at all, no part, not a bit, not a soul, not a thing, not any, not anyone, not anything, not one, nonexistent, null
      nadir, nil, naught, void, nada, blank, nix
    • Normal — daily, traditional, familiar, routine, proper, ordinary, typical, everyday, usual, commonplace, natural, classic, standard, general, bona fide, established, habitual, orthodox, prevalent, run-of-the-mill, time-honored, unvarying, average, conventional, customary, common, regular, garden-variety, household, plain, simple, balanced
    • Strange — abnormal, aberrant, anomalous, bent, bizarre, deviant, queer, eccentric, freakish, fanatical, odd, eerie, peculiar, weird, unorthodox, nonstandard, atypical, different, irregular, nonconforming, offbeat, unusual, extraordinary, insane, irrational, disorderly, rare, exceptional, extreme, outlandish
  • Descriptive
    • Describe — portray, characterize, picture, narrate, relate, recount, represent, report, record
    • Difference — disagreement, inequity, contrast, dissimilarity, incompatibility
    • Explain — elaborate, clarify, define, interpret, justify, account for
    • Idea — thought, concept, conception, notion, understanding, opinion, plan, view, belief
    • Look — gaze, see, glance, watch, survey, study, seek, search for, peek, peep, glimpse, stare, contemplate, examine, gape, ogle, scrutinize, inspect, leer, behold, observe, view, witness, perceive, spy, sight, discover, notice, recognize, peer, eye, gawk, peruse, explore
    • Story — tale, myth, legend, fable, yarn, account, narrative, chronicle, epic, sage, anecdote, record, memoir
    • Tell — disclose, reveal, show, expose, uncover, relate, narrate, inform, advise, explain, divulge, declare, command, order, bid, recount, repeat
    • Think — judge, deem, assume, believe, consider, contemplate, reflect, mediate
  • Feelings
    • Anger — enrage, infuriate, arouse, nettle, exasperate, inflame, madden
    • Angry — mad, furious, enraged, excited, wrathful, indignant, exasperated, aroused, inflamed
    • Calm — quiet, peaceful, still, tranquil, mild, serene, smooth, composed, collected, unruffled, level-headed, unexcited, detached, aloof
    • Eager — keen, fervent, enthusiastic, involved, interested, alive to
    • Fear — fright, dread, terror, alarm, dismay, anxiety, scare, awe, horror, panic, apprehension
    • Happy — pleased, contented, satisfied, delighted, elated, joyful, cheerful, ecstatic, jubilant, gay, tickled, gratified, glad, blissful, overjoyed
    • Hate — despise, loathe, detest, abhor, disfavor, dislike, disapprove, abominate
    • Love — like, admire, esteem, fancy, care for, cherish, adore, treasure, worship, appreciate, savor
    • Moody — temperamental, changeable, short-tempered, glum, morose, sullen, mopish, irritable, testy, peevish, fretful, spiteful, sulky, touchy
    • Sad — miserable, uncomfortable, wretched, heart-broken, unfortunate, poor, downhearted, sorrowful, depressed, dejected, melancholy, glum, gloomy, dismal, discouraged, unhappy
    • Scared — afraid, frightened, alarmed, terrified, panicked, fearful, unnerved, insecure, timid, shy, skittish, jumpy, disquieted, worried, vexed, troubled, disturbed, horrified, terrorized, shocked, petrified, haunted, timorous, shrinking, tremulous, stupefied, paralyzed, stunned, apprehensive
  • Negative
    • Awful — dreadful, terrible, abominable, bad, poor, unpleasant
    • Bad — evil, immoral, wicked, corrupt, sinful, depraved, rotten, contaminated, spoiled, tainted, harmful, injurious, unfavorable, defective, inferior, imperfect, substandard, faulty, improper, inappropriate, unsuitable, disagreeable, unpleasant, cross, nasty, unfriendly, irascible, horrible, atrocious, outrageous, scandalous, infamous, wrong, noxious, sinister, putrid, snide, deplorable, dismal, gross, heinous, nefarious, base, obnoxious, detestable, despicable, contemptible, foul, rank, ghastly, execrable
    • Crooked — bent, twisted, curved, hooked, zigzag
    • Dangerous — perilous, hazardous, risky, uncertain, unsafe
    • Dark — shadowy, unlit, murky, gloomy, dim, dusky, shaded, sunless, black, dismal, sad
    • Dull — boring, tiring,, tiresome, uninteresting, slow, dumb, stupid, unimaginative, lifeless, dead, insensible, tedious, wearisome, listless, expressionless, plain, monotonous, humdrum, dreary
    • Fat — stout, corpulent, fleshy, beefy, paunchy, plump, full, rotund, tubby, pudgy, chubby, chunky, burly, bulky, elephantine
    • Gross — improper, rude, coarse, indecent, crude, vulgar, outrageous, extreme, grievous, shameful, uncouth, obscene, low
    • Hurt — damage, harm, injure, wound, distress, afflict, pain
    • Lazy — indolent, slothful, idle, inactive, sluggish
    • Predicament — quandary, dilemma, pickle, problem, plight, spot, scrape, jam
    • Trouble — distress, anguish, anxiety, worry, wretchedness, pain, danger, peril, disaster, grief, misfortune, difficulty, concern, pains, inconvenience, exertion, effort
    • Ugly — hideous, frightful, frightening, shocking, horrible, unpleasant, monstrous, terrifying, gross, grisly, ghastly, horrid, unsightly, plain, homely, evil, repulsive, repugnant, gruesome
  • Positive
    • Amazing — incredible, unbelievable, improbable, fabulous, wonderful, fantastic, astonishing, astounding, extraordinary
    • Beautiful — pretty, lovely, handsome, attractive, gorgeous, dazzling, splendid, magnificent, comely, fair, ravishing, graceful, elegant, fine, exquisite, aesthetic, pleasing, shapely, delicate, stunning, glorious, heavenly, resplendent, radiant, glowing, blooming, sparkling
    • Brave — courageous, fearless, dauntless, intrepid, plucky, daring, heroic, valorous, audacious, bold, gallant, valiant, doughty, mettlesome
    • Bright — shining, shiny, gleaming, brilliant, sparkling, shimmering, radiant, vivid, colorful, lustrous, luminous, incandescent, intelligent, knowing, quick-witted, smart, intellectual
    • Delicious — savory, delectable, appetizing, luscious, scrumptious, palatable, delightful, enjoyable, toothsome, exquisite
    • Enjoy — appreciate, delight in, be pleased, indulge in, luxuriate in, bask in, relish, devour, savor, like
    • Famous — well-known, renowned, celebrated, famed, eminent, illustrious, distinguished, noted, notorious
    • Funny — humorous, amusing, droll, comic, comical, laughable, silly
    • Good — excellent, fine, superior, wonderful, marvelous, qualified, suited, suitable, apt, proper, capable, generous, kindly, friendly, gracious, obliging, pleasant, agreeable, pleasurable, satisfactory, well-behaved, obedient, honorable, reliable, trustworthy, safe, favorable, profitable, advantageous, righteous, expedient, helpful, valid, genuine, ample, salubrious, estimable, beneficial, splendid, great, noble, worthy, first-rate, top-notch, grand, sterling, superb, respectable, edifying
    • Great — noteworthy, worthy, distinguished, remarkable, grand, considerable, powerful, much, mighty
    • Mischievous — prankish, playful, naughty, roguish, waggish, impish, sportive
    • Neat — clean, orderly, tidy, trim, dapper, natty, smart, elegant, well-organized, super, desirable, spruce, shipshape, well-kept, shapely
    • Popular — well-liked, approved, accepted, favorite, celebrated, common, current
  • Talk / Speech
    • Answer — reply, respond, retort, acknowledge
    • Ask — question, inquire of, seek information from, put a question to, demand, request, expect, inquire, query, interrogate, examine, quiz
    • Cry — shout, yell, yowl, scream, roar, bellow, weep, wail, sob, bawl
    • Say/Tell — inform, notify, advise, relate, recount, narrate, explain, reveal, disclose, divulge, declare, command, order, bid, enlighten, instruct, insist, teach, train, direct, issue, remark, converse, speak, affirm, suppose, utter, negate, express, verbalize, voice, articulate, pronounce, deliver, convey, impart, assert, state, allege, mutter, mumble, whisper, sigh, exclaim, yell, sing, yelp, snarl, hiss, grunt, snort, roar, bellow, thunder, boom, scream, shriek, screech, squawk, whine, philosophize, stammer, stutter, lisp, drawl, jabber, protest, announce, swear, vow, content, assure, deny, dispute
    • Mean (Something) — add up to, affect, be important, be of value, be substantive, carry weight, connote, count, denote, express, imply, intend, involve, signify, spell, stand for, suggest, value, weigh in,
  • Unsorted
    • Somewhat — a little, sort of, kind of, a bit, relatively, slightly, moderately, to some extent / degree , reasonably, partially, more or less, not much
      rather, quite, fairly, by a long shot, by far, rather, significantly, well
    • Somehow — in a way, virtually, to a certain extent, in some measure, to some extent, to a certain degree, quasi , in a manner of speaking, effectively
      anyhow, anyway, anywise, by hook or by crook, another, howsoever, in any way, somehow or other, someway, by some means
    • Definite — certain, sure, positive, determined, clear, distinct, obvious
    • Fair — just, impartial, unbiased, objective, unprejudiced, honest
    • Important — necessary, vital, critical, indispensable, valuable, essential, significant, primary, principal, considerable, famous, distinguished, notable, well-known
    • Interesting — fascinating, engaging, sharp, keen, bright, intelligent, animated, spirited, attractive, inviting, intriguing, provocative, thought-provoking, challenging, inspiring, involving, moving, titillating, tantalizing, exciting, entertaining, piquant, lively, racy, spicy, engrossing, absorbing, consuming, gripping, arresting, enthralling, spellbinding, curious, captivating, enchanting, bewitching, appealing
    • Part — portion, share, piece, allotment, section, fraction, fragment
    • Place — space, area, spot, plot, region, location, situation, position, residence, dwelling, set, site, station, status, state

 

This has been copied/taken from: http://www.smart-words.org/list-of-synonyms/

Homophones

This is a list of common homophones.

1. accessary, accessory 111. dew, due
2. ad, add 112. die, dye
3. ail, ale 113. discreet, discrete
4. air, heir 114. doe, doh, dough
5. aisle, I’ll, isle 115. done, dun
6. all, awl 116. douse, dowse
7. allowed, aloud 117. draft, draught
8. alms, arms 118. dual, duel
9. altar, alter 119. earn, urn
10. arc, ark 120. eery, eyrie
11. aren’t, aunt 121. ewe, yew, you
12. ate, eight 122. faint, feint
13. auger, augur 123. fah, far
14. auk, orc 124. fair, fare
15. aural, oral 125. farther, father
16. away, aweigh 126. fate, fête
17. awe, oar, or, ore 127. faun, fawn
18. axel, axle 128. fay, fey
19. aye, eye, I 129. faze, phase
20. bail, bale 130. feat, feet
21. bait, bate 131. ferrule, ferule
22. baize, bays 132. few, phew
23. bald, bawled 133. fie, phi
24. ball, bawl 134. file, phial
25. band, banned 135. find, fined
26. bard, barred 136. fir, fur
27. bare, bear 137. fizz, phiz
28. bark, barque 138. flair, flare
29. baron, barren 139. flaw, floor
30. base, bass 140. flea, flee
31. bay, bey 141. flex, flecks
32. bazaar, bizarre 142. flew, flu, flue
33. be, bee 143. floe, flow
34. beach, beech 144. flour, flower
35. bean, been 145. foaled, fold
36. beat, beet 146. for, fore, four
37. beau, bow 147. foreword, forward
38. beer, bier 148. fort, fought
39. bel, bell, belle 149. forth, fourth
40. berry, bury 150. foul, fowl
41. berth, birth 151. franc, frank
42. bight, bite, byte 152. freeze, frieze
43. billed, build 153. friar, fryer
44. bitten, bittern 154. furs, furze
45. blew, blue 155. gait, gate
46. bloc, block 156. galipot, gallipot
47. boar, bore 157. gallop, galop
48. board, bored 158. gamble, gambol
49. boarder, border 159. gays, gaze
50. bold, bowled 160. genes, jeans
51. boos, booze 161. gild, guild
52. born, borne 162. gilt, guilt
53. bough, bow 163. giro, gyro
54. boy, buoy 164. gnaw, nor
55. brae, bray 165. gneiss, nice
56. braid, brayed 166. gorilla, guerilla
57. braise, brays, braze 167. grate, great
58. brake, break 168. greave, grieve
59. bread, bred 169. greys, graze
60. brews, bruise 170. grisly, grizzly
61. bridal, bridle 171. groan, grown
62. broach, brooch 172. guessed, guest
63. bur, burr 173. hail, hale
64. but, butt 174. hair, hare
65. buy, by, bye 175. hall, haul
66. buyer, byre 176. hangar, hanger
67. calendar, calender 177. hart, heart
68. call, caul 178. haw, hoar, whore
69. canvas, canvass 179. hay, hey
70. cast, caste 180. heal, heel, he’ll
71. caster, castor 181. hear, here
72. caught, court 182. heard, herd
73. caw, core, corps 183. he’d, heed
74. cede, seed 184. heroin, heroine
75. ceiling, sealing 185. hew, hue
76. cell, sell 186. hi, high
77. censer, censor, sensor 187. higher, hire
78. cent, scent, sent 188. him, hymn
79. cereal, serial 189. ho, hoe
80. cheap, cheep 190. hoard, horde
81. check, cheque 191. hoarse, horse
82. choir, quire 192. holey, holy, wholly
83. chord, cord 193. hour, our
84. cite, sight, site 194. idle, idol
85. clack, claque 195. in, inn
86. clew, clue 196. indict, indite
87. climb, clime 197. it’s, its
88. close, cloze 198. jewel, joule
89. coal, kohl 199. key, quay
90. coarse, course 200. knave, nave
91. coign, coin 201. knead, need
92. colonel, kernel 202. knew, new
93. complacent, complaisant 203. knight, night
94. complement, compliment 204. knit, nit
95. coo, coup 205. knob, nob
96. cops, copse 206. knock, nock
97. council, counsel 207. knot, not
98. cousin, cozen 208. know, no
99. creak, creek 209. knows, nose
100. crews, cruise 210. laager, lager
101. cue, kyu, queue 211. lac, lack
102. curb, kerb 212. lade, laid
103. currant, current 213. lain, lane
104. cymbol, symbol 214. lam, lamb
105. dam, damn 215. laps, lapse
106. days, daze 216. larva, lava
107. dear, deer 217. lase, laze
108. descent, dissent 218. law, lore
109. desert, dessert 219. lay, ley
110. deviser, divisor 220. lea, lee
221. leach, leech 331. rouse, rows
222. lead, led 332. rung, wrung
223. leak, leek 333. rye, wry
224. lean, lien 334. saver, savour
225. lessen, lesson 335. spade, spayed
226. levee, levy 336. sale, sail
227. liar, lyre 337. sane, seine
228. licence, license 338. satire, satyr
229. licker, liquor 339. sauce, source
230. lie, lye 340. saw, soar, sore
231. lieu, loo 341. scene, seen
232. links, lynx 342. scull, skull
233. lo, low 343. sea, see
234. load, lode 344. seam, seem
235. loan, lone 345. sear, seer, sere
236. locks, lox 346. seas, sees, seize
237. loop, loupe 347. sew, so, sow
238. loot, lute 348. shake, sheikh
239. made, maid 349. shear, sheer
240. mail, male 350. shoe, shoo
241. main, mane 351. sic, sick
242. maize, maze 352. side, sighed
243. mall, maul 353. sign, sine
244. manna, manner 354. sink, synch
245. mantel, mantle 355. slay, sleigh
246. mare, mayor 356. sloe, slow
247. mark, marque 357. sole, soul
248. marshal, martial 358. some, sum
249. marten, martin 359. son, sun
250. mask, masque 360. sort, sought
251. maw, more 361. spa, spar
252. me, mi 362. staid, stayed
253. mean, mien 363. stair, stare
254. meat, meet, mete 364. stake, steak
255. medal, meddle 365. stalk, stork
256. metal, mettle 366. stationary, stationery
257. meter, metre 367. steal, steel
258. might, mite 368. stile, style
259. miner, minor, mynah 369. storey, story
260. mind, mined 370. straight, strait
261. missed, mist 371. sweet, suite
262. moat, mote 372. swat, swot
263. mode, mowed 373. tacks, tax
264. moor, more 374. tale, tail
265. moose, mousse 375. talk, torque
266. morning, mourning 376. tare, tear
267. muscle, mussel 377. taught, taut, tort
268. naval, navel 378. te, tea, tee
269. nay, neigh 379. team, teem
270. nigh, nye 380. tear, tier
271. none, nun 381. teas, tease
272. od, odd 382. terce, terse
273. ode, owed 383. tern, turn
274. oh, owe 384. there, their, they’re
275. one, won 385. threw, through
276. packed, pact 386. throes, throws
277. packs, pax 387. throne, thrown
278. pail, pale 388. thyme, time
279. pain, pane 389. tic, tick
280. pair, pare, pear 390. tide, tied
281. palate, palette, pallet 391. tire, tyre
282. pascal, paschal 392. to, too, two
283. paten, patten, pattern 393. toad, toed, towed
284. pause, paws, pores, pours 394. told, tolled
285. pawn, porn 395. tole, toll
286. pea, pee 396. ton, tun
287. peace, piece 397. tor, tore
288. peak, peek, peke, pique 398. tough, tuff
289. peal, peel 399. troop, troupe
290. pearl, purl 400. tuba, tuber
291. pedal, peddle 401. vain, vane, vein
292. peer, pier 402. vale, veil
293. pi, pie 403. vial, vile
294. pica, pika 404. wail, wale, whale
295. place, plaice 405. wain, wane
296. plain, plane 406. waist, waste
297. pleas, please 407. wait, weight
298. plum, plumb 408. waive, wave
299. pole, poll 409. wall, waul
300. poof, pouffe 410. war, wore
301. practice, practise 411. ware, wear, where
302. praise, prays, preys 412. warn, worn
303. principal, principle 413. wart, wort
304. profit, prophet 414. watt, what
305. quarts, quartz 415. wax, whacks
306. quean, queen 416. way, weigh, whey
307. rain, reign, rein 417. we, wee, whee
308. raise, rays, raze 418. weak, week
309. rap, wrap 419. we’d, weed
310. raw, roar 420. weal, we’ll, wheel
311. read, reed 421. wean, ween
312. read, red 422. weather, whether
313. real, reel 423. weaver, weever
314. reek, wreak 424. weir, we’re
315. rest, wrest 425. were, whirr
316. retch, wretch 426. wet, whet
317. review, revue 427. wheald, wheeled
318. rheum, room 428. which, witch
319. right, rite, wright, write 429. whig, wig
320. ring, wring 430. while, wile
321. road, rode 431. whine, wine
322. roe, row 432. whirl, whorl
323. role, roll 433. whirled, world
324. roo, roux, rue 434. whit, wit
325. rood, rude 435. white, wight
326. root, route 436. who’s, whose
327. rose, rows 437. woe, whoa
328. rota, rotor 438. wood, would
329. rote, wrote 439. yaw, yore, your, you’re
330. rough, ruff 440. yoke, yolk
441. you’ll, yule

 

Tone Words

300 Words To Describe An Author’s Tone

What is tone?

Tone refers to an author’s use of words and writing style to convey his or her attitude
towards a topic. Tone is often defined as what the author feels or their attitude toward a subject or an audience. Tone is generally conveyed through the choice of words, or the viewpoint of a writer on a particular subject.

What the reader feels is the mood.

Tone = Attitude. Voice = Personality.

Tone      Meaning
Abashed ashamed or embarrassed;
Absurd illogical; ridiculous; silly; implausible; foolish
accusatory charging of wrong doing
Accusatory suggesting someone has done something wrong, complaining
Acerbic sharp; forthright; biting; hurtful; abrasive; severe
Admiring approving; think highly of; respectful; praising
Affectionate  showing, indicating, or
Aggressive hostile; determined; forceful; argumentative
Aggrieved indignant; annoyed; offended; disgruntled
Ambiguous  open tor having several
Ambivalent  uncertainty or fluctuation, esp.
Ambivalent having mixed feelings; uncertain; in a dilemma; undecided
Amused  pleasurably entertained, occupied,
Amused entertained; diverted; pleased
Angry incensed or enraged; threatening or menacing
Animated full of life or excitement; lively; spirited; impassioned; vibrant
Annoyed  Tcause slight irritation to
Antagonistic  acting in opposition; opposing,
Anxious  full of mental distress or uneasiness
Apathetic  having or showing little or no
apathetic indifferent due to lack of energy or concern
Apathetic showing little interest; lacking concern; indifferent; unemotional
Apologetic  containing an apology or excuse
Apologetic full of regret; repentant; remorseful; acknowledging failure
Appreciative  feeling or expressive of
Appreciative grateful; thankful; showing pleasure; enthusiastic
Apprehensive  uneasy or fearful about
Approving  tspeak or think favorably of;
Ardent  characterized by intense feeling;
Ardent enthusiastic; passionate
Arrogant  making claims or pretensions to
Arrogant pompous; disdainful; overbearing; condescending; vain; scoffing
Assertive self-confident; strong-willed; authoritative; insistent
Audacious  extremely bold or daring;
Authoritarian  having an air of authority;
awe solemn wonder
Awestruck amazed, filled with wonder/awe; reverential
Baffled  tconfuse, bewilder, or perplex
Bantering  Good-humored, playful
Belligerent  warlike; given twaging war
Belligerent hostile; aggressive; combatant
Bemused  bewildered or confused/ lost in
Benevolent  characterized by or expressing
Benevolent sympathetic; tolerant; generous; caring; well meaning
Bewildered  completely puzzled or confused;
bhorring  tregard with extreme
Biting  nipping; smarting; keen/ cutting;
Bitter  having a harsh, disagreeably acrid
Bitter angry; acrimonious; antagonistic; spiteful; nasty
bitter exhibiting strong animosity as a result of pain or grief
Blithe  joyous, merry, or gay in disposition;
Blunt  abrupt in address or manner/ slow in
Bold  not hesitating or fearful in the face of
Brisk  quick and active; lively/ sharp and
Brusque  abrupt in manner; blunt; rough
bstruse  difficult tunderstand
bsurd  ridiculous; silly
Burlesque  an artistic composition, esp.
Callous cruel disregard; unfeeling; uncaring; indifferent; ruthless
callous unfeeling, insensitive to feelings of others
Calm  without rough motion; still or nearly
Candid  frank; outspoken; open and sincere/
Candid truthful, straightforward; honest; unreserved
Capricious  flighty; led by whims; erratic
Casual  without definite or serious intention;
Caustic  making biting, corrosive comments
caustic intense use of sarcasm; stinging, biting
Caustic making biting, corrosive comments; critical
Cautionary gives warning; raises awareness; reminding
ccusing  tcharge with the fault, offense, or
Celebratory  seeming or tending tbe
Celebratory praising; pay tribute to; glorify; honour
Censorious  severely critical; faultfinding
cerbic  harsh or severe, as of temper or
Ceremonial  of, pertaining to, or
Chatty informal; lively; conversational; familiar
Cheerful  characterized by or expressive of
Cheery  in good spirits
Choleric  extremely irritable or easily
choleric hot tempered, easily angered
Clinical  concerned with or based on actual
Colloquial  characteristic of or appropriate
Colloquial familiar; everyday language; informal; colloquial; casual
Comforting  Tsoothe in time of affliction or
Comic humorous; witty; entertaining; diverting
Commanding  appreciably superior or
Compassionate  having or showing
Compassionate sympathetic; empathetic; warm-hearted; tolerant; kind
Complex  characterized by a very
Complex having many varying characteristics; complicated
Compliant agree or obey rules; acquiescent; flexible; submissive
Complicated  composed of elaborately
Complimentary  of the nature of, conveying,
Conceited  having an excessively favorable
Concerned  interested or affected/ troubled
Concerned worried; anxious; apprehensive
Conciliatory  Tovercome the distrust or
Conciliatory intended tplacate or pacify; appeasing
Condemnatory  Texpress strong
Condescending  showing or implying a
Condescending stooping tthe level of one’s inferiors; patronising
condescension; condescending a feeling of superiority
Confident  having strong belief or full
Confused  tperplex or bewilder/ tmake
Confused unable tthink clearly; bewildered; vague
contemplative studying, thinking, reflecting on an issue
Contemptuous  showing or expressing
Contemptuous showing contempt; scornful; insolent; mocking
contemptuous showing or feeling that something is worthless or lacks respect
Contented  Desiring nmore than what one
Contentious  tending targument or strife;
conventional lacking spontaneity, originality, and individuality
Conversational  The spoken exchange of
Critical  inclined tfind fault or tjudge with
critical finding fault
Critical finding fault; disapproving; scathing; criticizing
Cruel causing pain and suffering; unkind; spiteful; severe
Curious wanting tfind out more; inquisitive; questioning
Curt  rudely brief in speech or abrupt in
Cynical  scornful of the motives or virtues of
cynical questions the basic sincerity and goodness of people
Cynical scornful of motives/virtues of others; mocking; sneering
Defensive defending a position; shielding; guarding; watchful
Defiant obstinate; argumentative; defiant; contentious
Demanding  requiring or claiming more than
Demeaning disrespectful; undignified
Depressed  sad and gloomy; dejected;
Depressing sad, melancholic; discouraging; pessimistic
Derisive  characterized by or expressing
derisive ridiculing, mocking
Derisive snide; sarcastic; mocking; dismissive; scornful
Despairing  Tbe overcome by a sense of
Desperate  reckless or dangerous because of
Detached  impartial or objective;
Detached aloof; objective; unfeeling; distant
Diabolic  having the qualities of a devil;
Didactic  intended for instruction; instructive
didactic author attempts to educate or instruct the reader
Diffident  lacking confidence in one’s own
Dignified serious; respectful; formal; proper
Diplomatic tactful; subtle; sensitive; thoughtful
Direct  proceeding in a straight line or by the
Direct straightforward; honest
Disappointed  depressed or discouraged by
Disappointed discouraged; unhappy because something has gone wrong
Disapproving displeased; critical; condemnatory
Disbelieving  thave nbelief in; refuse or
Disdainful  expressing extreme contempt
disdainful scornful
Disgusted  Texcite nausea or loathing in;
Disheartening discouraging; demoralising; undermining; depressing
Disparaging dismissive; critical; scornful
Dispassionate impartial; indifferent; unsentimental; cold; unsympathetic
Disrespectful  Having or exhibiting a lack of
Distressing heart-breaking; sad; troubling
Disturbed  marked by symptoms of mental
dmiring  tregard with wonder, pleasure,
dmonishing  cautioning, advising, or
Docile compliant; submissive; deferential; accommodating
Dogmatic  asserting opinions in a doctrinaire
Domineering  overbearing; tyrannical
doring  tregard with the utmost esteem,
Doubtful  of uncertain outcome or result
Dramatic  of or pertaining tthe drama/
Dreary  causing sadness or gloom./ dull;
Dubious  wavering or hesitating in
Earnest  serious in intention, purpose, or
earnest intense, a sincere state of mind
Earnest showing deep sincerity or feeling; serious
Ebullient  overflowing with fervor,
Ecstatic  subject tor in a state of
Effusive  unduly demonstrative; lacking
Egotistical  given ttalking about
Egotistical self-absorbed; selfish; conceited; boastful
Elated  very happy or proud; jubilant; in
Elegiac  expressing sorrow or
Elevated  exalted or noble; lofty/ exalted
Eloquent  having or exercising the power
Embarrassed  Tcause tfeel selfconscious
Empathetic  showing empathy or ready
Empathetic understanding; kind; sensitive
Encouraging  tinspire with courage,
Encouraging optimistic; supportive
Enthusiastic  having or showing great
Enthusiastic excited; energetic
Erudite  characterized by great knowledge;
erudite learned, polished, scholarly
Eulogistic  Tpraise highly in speech or
Euphoric  a feeling of happiness,
Evasive  deliberately vague or
Evasive ambiguous; cryptic; unclear
Excited emotionally aroused; stirred
Exhilarated  tenliven; invigorate;
Exhortatory  advising, urging, or
Expectant  marked by eager anticipation
Exuberant  effusively and almost
Facetious  not meant tbe taken seriously
Facetious inappropriate; flippant
Factual  of or pertaining tfacts;
Familiar  commonly or generally known
Fanciful  characterized by or showing
fanciful using the imagination
Farcical  ludicrous; absurd; mocking;
Farcical ludicrous; absurd; mocking; humorous and highly improbable
Fatalistic  the acceptance of all things
Fearful  feeling fear, dread,
Fervent  having or showing great warmth
Flippant  frivolously disrespectful,
Flippant superficial; glib; shallow; thoughtless; frivolous
Forceful  powerful
Forceful powerful; energetic; confident; assertive
Foreboding  a strong inner feeling or
Formal  stiff; using textbook style;
Formal respectful; stilted; factual; following accepted styles/rules
Forthright  going straight tthe point;
forthright directly frank without hesitation
Frank honest; direct; plain; matter-of-fact
Frantic  desperate or wild with
Frightened  Tfill with fear; alarm
Frivolous  characterized by lack of
Frustrated  disappointed; thwarted
Frustrated annoyed; discouraged
Furious  full of fury, violent passion, or
Gentle  kind; considerate; mild; soft
Gentle kind; considerate; mild; soft
Ghoulish  strangely diabolical or cruel;
Ghoulish delighting in the revolting or the loathsome
Giddy  frivolous and lighthearted;
gloomy darkness, sadness, rejection
Grim serious; gloomy; depressing; lacking humour;macabre
Gullible naïve; innocent; ignorant
Hard unfeeling; hard-hearted; unyielding
haughty proud and vain to the point of arrogance
Humble deferential; modest
Humorous amusing; entertaining; playful
Hypercritical unreasonably critical; hair splitting; nitpicking
Impartial unbiased; neutral; objective
Impassioned filled with emotion; ardent
Imploring pleading; begging
Impressionable trusting; child-like
Inane silly; foolish; stupid; nonsensical
Incensed enraged
Incredulous disbelieving; unconvinced; questioning; suspicious
Indignant annoyed; angry; dissatisfied
indignant marked by anger aroused by injustice
Informative instructive; factual; educational
Inspirational encouraging; reassuring
Intense earnest; passionate; concentrated; deeply felt
Intimate familiar; informal; confidential; confessional
intimate very familiar
Ironic the opposite of what is meant
Irreverent lacking respect for things that are generally taken seriously
Jaded bored; having had tomuch of the same thing; lack enthusiasm
jovial happy
Joyful positive; optimistic; cheerful; elated
judgmental authoritative and often having critical opinions
Judgmental critical; finding fault; disparaging
Laudatory praising; recommending
Light-Hearted carefree; relaxed; chatty; humorous
Loving affectionate; showing intense, deep concern
lyrical expressing a poet’s inner feelings; emotional; full of images; song
Macabre gruesome; horrifying; frightening
Malicious desiring tharm others or tsee others suffer; ill-willed; spiteful
malicious purposely hurtful
matter of fact accepting of conditions
Mean-Spirited inconsiderate; unsympathetic
Mocking scornful; ridiculing; making fun of someone
mocking treating with contempt or ridicule
morose gloomy, sullen, surly, despondent
Mourning grieving; lamenting; woeful
Naïve innocent; unsophisticated; immature
Narcissistic self-admiring; selfish; boastful; self-pitying
Nasty unpleasant; unkind; disagreeable; abusive
Negative unhappy, pessimistic
Nostalgic thinking about the past; wishing for something from the past
objective an unbiased view
Objective without prejudice; without discrimination; fair; based on fact
Obsequious overly obedient and/or submissive; fawning; grovelling
obsequious polite and obedient in order to gain something
optimistic hopeful, cheerful
Optimistic hopeful; cheerful
Outraged angered and resentful; furious; extremely angered
Outspoken frank; candid; spoken without reserve
Pathetic expressing pity, sympathy, tenderness
Patronising condescending; scornful; pompous
patronizing air of condescension
Pensive reflective; introspective; philosophical; contemplative
Persuasive convincing; eloquent; influential; plausible
Pessimistic seeing the negative side of things
pessimistic seeing the worst side of things; no hope
Philosophical theoretical; analytical; rational; logical
Playful full of fun and good spirits; humorous; jesting
Pragmatic realistic; sensible
Pretentious affected; artificial; grandiose; rhetorical; flashy
quizzical odd, eccentric, amusing
reflective illustrating innermost thoughts and emotions
Regretful apologetic; remorseful
Resentful aggrieved; offended; displeased; bitter
Resigned accepting; unhappy
Restrained controlled; quiet; unemotional
Reverent showing deep respect and esteem
reverent treating a subject with honor and respect
ribald offensive in speech or gesture
ridiculing slightly contemptuous banter; making fun of
Righteous morally right and just; guiltless; pious; god-fearing
sanguineous optimistic, cheerful
Sarcastic scornful; mocking; ridiculing
sarcastic sneering, caustic
sardonic scornfully and bitterly sarcastic
satiric ridiculing to show weakness in order to make a point, teach
Satirical making fun tshow a weakness; ridiculing; derisive
Scathing critical; stinging; unsparing; harsh
Sceptical disbelieving; unconvinced; doubting
Scornful expressing contempt or derision; scathing; dismissive
Sensationalistic provocative; inaccurate; distasteful
Sentimental thinking about feelings, especially when remembering the past
Sincere honest; truthful; earnest
sincere without deceit or pretense; genuine
solemn deeply earnest, tending toward sad reflection
Solemn not funny; in earnest; serious
Subjective prejudiced; biased
Submissive compliant; passive; accommodating; obedient
Sulking bad-tempered; grumpy; resentful; sullen
Sympathetic compassionate; understanding of how someone feels
Thoughtful reflective; serious; absorbed
Tolerant open-minded; charitable; patient; sympathetic; lenient
Tragic disastrous; calamitous
Unassuming modest; self-effacing; restrained
Uneasy worried; uncomfortable; edgy; nervous
Urgent insistent; saying something must be done soon
Vindictive vengeful; spiteful; bitter; unforgiving
Virtuous lawful; righteous; moral; upstanding
whimsical odd, strange, fantastic; fun
Whimsical quaint; playful; mischievous; offbeat
Witty clever; quick-witted; entertaining
Wonder awe-struck; admiring; fascinating
World-Weary bored; cynical; tired
Worried anxious; stressed; fearful
Wretched miserable; despairing; sorrowful; distressed


The mechanics of tone
Tone is conveyed through diction (choice and use of words and phrases), viewpoint, syntax (grammar; how you put words and phrases together), and level of formality. It is the way you express yourself in speech or writing.


How do you find the correct tone?
You can usually find a tone by asking these three questions:

1. Why am I writing this?
2. Who is my intended audience?
3. What do I want the reader to learn, understand, or think about?

Informal writing, your tone should be clear, concise, confident, and courteous. The writing level should be sophisticated, but not pretentious.

In creative writing, your tone is more subjective, but you should always aim to
communicate clearly.

Genre sometimes determines the tone.

 

Evaluation language

Help, tips and assistance for students. This blog is part of a range specifically for students and can be found, along with others, under Student GCSE Blogs.

AQA Paper 1 – Question 4 requires you to evaluate an extract. This means at the top band/level your exam board wants you to:

Shows perceptive and detailed evaluation:

  • Evaluates critically and in detail the effect(s) on the reader
  • Shows perceptive understanding of writer’s methods
  • Selects a judicious range of textual detail
  • Develops a convincing and critical response to the focus of the statement

This means you will need to use the following language:

Evaluative words and phrases

Adjectives

  • Effective.
  • Successful.
  • Clear.
  • Skilful.
  • Convincing.
  • Engaging.
  • Thought-provoking.

e.g. “The poet’s skilful use of metaphor…”

Adverbs

  • Effectively.
  • Successfully.
  • Clearly.
  • Skilfully.
  • Convincingly.

e.g. “The author clearly illustrates that…”

Verbs

  • Conveys.
  • Suggests.
  • Emphasises.
  • Demonstrates.
  • Illustrates.
  • Makes it clear.
  • Makes it apparent.
  • Allows the reader/audience to understand…

e.g. “The playwright’s effective use of dialogue successfully demonstrates how…

Further evaluative language:

  • Inspiring
  • Perceptive
  • Powerful
  • Striking
  • Reflective
  • Imaginative
  • Profound
  • Challenging
  • Perplexing
  • Comprehensive
  • Valuable
  • Relevant
  • Thorough

Eg “The author challenges ….”

 

Thank you for reading!