Willing And Able

There’s some kings in my deck and a queen or to
So you know there ain’t nothin’, Nothin’ that I wouldn’t do

Prince – Willing And Able – Diamonds And Pearls


My reflections on my first couple of years in my role as Head of Department.

Just under a couple of years ago I was lucky enough to be appointed as HOD. In that time, I’ve got some things right, and some things wrong. I want to talk about the things I mostly got wrong because, although I couldn’t see it, I was heading towards a perfect storm!

Rewind two years ago: I was new to the school and new to the team and I was walking into a very established team. I had been given a remit and as anyone new to a role, I wanted to do a good job.

For the purpose of this blog I am going to focus on three areas I found the most challenging; difficult conversations, monitoring and making changes.

The elephant in the room

Difficult conversations: this was, and possibly still is, the hardest area to get right.

All schools want to raise achievement and standards. I decided my first job would be to look at year 11 data and felt one of the best ways was to moderate the recent mock marking. Once I’d reviewed the mocks I felt some marks didn’t fall within tolerance, especially in specific skill areas. I held a meeting to discuss the marking, so as not to single anyone out, I brought some model answers to show levels (against a mark scheme). A piece of cake I thought! Nope: that was a big mistake.

On reflection, I can understand why.  We all want to feel as if we are doing our jobs well. When I was training I was told my marking, when moderated, didn’t fall within tolerance. But I now realise I am somebody who likes clear and direct instructions but I think more importantly I had an established relationship with my line manager. Her delivery was clear. Mine, possibly out of nerves, was muddled.

Of course, I didn’t consciously set out to be unclear in my delivery, but walking into a meeting after a very short time and being negative was never going to be received in the way I’d hoped it would! A more accurate description would be to say that it went down like a lead balloon tied to the Titanic.

What would I do now?

I wouldn’t have held that meeting! I would set time aside in department meeting to focus on specific areas of the exam spec, skills or questions. For example, we could have all marked a student response together, a visualiser would have worked well, then discuss(ed) as a team why it fell into a level/mark. Or I could have provided exam board SAMs and as a team we could have discussed the mark given.

That would have been a better and more productive way of dealing with it.

The devil is in the detail

Monitoring a department is an area that I would often push to the side. I would set time aside for tracking different aspects of the department. Sometimes I would manage to adhere to my allocated time, sometimes I couldn’t due to more pressing issues. Again a big mistake.

The importance of monitoring (in a supportive way) cannot be overlooked. Had I kept to a schedule I would have had a much firmer grasp on all areas and I would have been able to deal with any issues (regardless of how minor) as they cropped up, not further down the line when it is much harder to resolve.

What would I do now?

I make up a schedule and ensure I stick to it by blocking out time on my timetable for monitoring (learning walks, book looks etc) over a half term. Again, any minor problems can be swept up quickly and dealt with before they become an issue and then possibly require a difficult conversation!  Seriously, I/we need to avoid anything getting to the stage that it “needs” one of those!  Sticking to a schedule means I can ensure department meetings address points before they escalate, through ongoing CPD. Slow and steady wins the race!

For example, after a book look staff could bring examples of marking and again as a team discuss positives together. Or if there’s an issue with the level of challenge in particular units, we could discuss how to raise it, for example, change the texts, or the focus.

The best thing since sliced bread

I moved from one secondary to another with a completely different demographic.

By the time I was appointed HOD I was a heavy social media user (mainly twitter).  I had started blogging and attended conferences at weekends. Being surrounded with so many enthusiastic and passionate teachers who were willing to give up their time, experience and knowledge (let alone resources) helped me grow in so many ways. For example there was so much discussion around certain edu-books (Reading Reconsidered, Bringing Words to Life, Closing the Vocab Gap) and before long I was spending vast amounts of time on Amazon! I brought with me a raft of new resources and started changing things. I wouldn’t go as far as to say “big mistake”, it wasn’t.  Changes I made, based on previous experience, research or books I’d read, were good – they focused on more challenging texts, high-quality purposeful resources all with the sole purpose of raising standards or improving progress. What was misguided was my implementation.

Change is good, and it’s needed. However, it’s important to consider why are you changing something? What will it add? How will it improve outcomes? Whatever you do has to have a purpose and ultimately has to help students making progress in one way or another. There was some resistance to some of the changes I wanted to make and again, on reflection I can see why.  In a conversation with Zoe Enser (@greeborunner) about this blog, she reminded me of the Ikea effect (as David Weston, @informed_edu, called it) “they had built it, it was theirs and now you were dismantling it!”  Once again I should have been clearer (again there’s that word) in my delivery. I should have been clearer on why some things needed changing and why it mattered.

What would I do now?

I wouldn’t make so many changes in such a small amount of time. I’d make sure any changes are in line with the school’s priorities and improvement plans. First and foremost I would be explicit in explaining the importance of any change.

Hit the Nail on the Head: What does the future hold?

At this point, I do need to stop and say that you can’t discuss/debate everything “as a team” or through CPD. Sometimes as a middle leader, you just need to make a decision. That’s part of your job.

I also need to point out it hasn’t been all doom and gloom. These are some of the strategies I have implemented successfully: I’ve worked hard on bringing structure and consistency to the department, raising achievement through standards and challenge, organisation of units, marking, feedback and assessments, dealing with deadlines alongside exam admin and sharing of resources. I’ve brought new texts in, streamlined starters and homework to target key skills. I began a strong extracurricular program, including national competitions, taking all KS3 to the library, year 11 to the local university, trips to the theatre and in-house performances. I have raised the profile of rewards, certificates and positive praise in the department alongside communication home with parents. I asked the exam board to come in and host a training session, and I ensure subject knowledge/teaching is always a focus of department meetings and to support the department I set up lunchtime “catch up” sessions for students not working at expected standards in their classwork and/or homework.  Once the team could see how to move forward, we began to see real improvements  – many of the strategies and initiatives I’ve implemented have been very well received, not just by the school, but parents and students and so far all had a positive impact in both KS3 and 4.

This year we had a very successful set of GCSE results in language and literature with nearly half of our students walking away with a grade 7-9. As a team, we clearly got a lot right – together!

What will I be changing for my third year?!

I need to remember the snowball effect – all decisions, strategies and initiatives I/we decide on will build and build: it doesn’t need to be overnight. I will continue to learn and grow as a middle leader. My school SLT and other Middle Leaders are fantastic and have supported me throughout my journey. The school has sent me on specific CPD courses to help me and are always there if I need to ask advice.  Also, they’ve supported all the strategies and initiatives I’ve suggested to help raise student achievement and begin to foster a love of English in them.

My priority for the next year ahead is to continue to support and lead my department in the way a good middle leader should.

Thank you for reading.

Some free support (taken from David Weston Unleashing Greatness in Teachers)

DfE CPD Standards – https://tdtrust.org/research/dfe-cpd-standard
Developing Great Teaching report- https://tdtrust.org/dgt
Free webinar on instructional coaching – https://tdtrust.org/coach
Monthly bulletin on effective CPD – https://tdtrust.org/news/newsletter
A library of articles on effective CPD – https://tdtrust.org/blog


2 hell with hesitation
2 hell with the reasons why

Prince – Scandalous – Batman


After holidays, lunches out, cups of tea, catching up with my friends and tv shows I decided to do some work: my INSET CPD.

And, what could be worse than preparing to enthuse staff after their summer break, than lots of ppts – but a ppt on literacy!  How do you get a whole staff on board with something that is often seen as an add-on?

It wasn’t long after I began preparing my session that I felt some responses/reactions to the topic of reading were scandalous.

When you can, I suggest you read The Literacy Trust research/report on children and young peoples’ reading 2017/18


I found these stats quite worrying:

The fact that 26.2% children/young adults only read once a month or less – that’s 12 times a year! Let that sink in. And then when you look at what they’re reading it’s even more concerning.

reading 2

Look at the highest % – Text/instant messages.

That’s not “reading”.




Back to my INSET – I borrowed a slide from Helen Ralston’s recent TENC19 

reading 3

(@ralston_h) talk “When you read a piece of text there are a number of individual actions and they are hard to tie together, but for someone who knows baseball, it’s a familiar pattern. A number of studies have shown that people understand what they read much better if they already have some background knowledge about the subject. From Closing the Vocab gap”.

If you look at these 3 1/2 sentences  – look at how much “background knowledge” you need to be able to fully understand it!

To show staff how hard this is I have taken

treading 34ext from BBC Bitesize (KS3) and blocked out 25-30% of the text from various pieces – I am going to challenge them to see if they know what subject and topic they’re about.

And yes, you may guess the subject and topic, but could an 11-12-year-old child?

Attitudes to Reading

What was more surprising than the stats above, but attitudes towards the importance of reading.


I sent out a quick poll. I know this isn’t really robust, however, it does highlight, in my opinion, some serious questions we need to be asking ourselves.

Only 23% of the 1,266 people said they regularly set “reading” as homework.

And the educators who did set reading as homework felt at KS5 it was essential.

At KS4 the words used were: sometimes, less, never, occasionally, not so much, now and again.

And at KS3 they became: no, rarely, never.

reading 6


Back to my INSET, to show staff that reading in their subject “IS” important I took one question (at random) from GCSE papers for every subject and ran it through a Flesch reading ease test measure – which subject do you think had the hardest score?

My question to all secondary subject teachers is – how do you expect students to be fluent readers if you aren’t giving them opportunities to read? How do you expect them at KS5 to suddenly learn those skills in your subject?

We need to be embedding these skills at KS3 if we want students to be proficient at reading.

All departments/subjects can work together to make your school a school that reads. Reading doesn’t have to be fiction/novels/romance! Reading can be textbooks, websites (visit the British Libary and research a topic).  You could then ask students to summarise, compare or evaluate a piece of text they’ve read.  I can’t see how reading around a subject will not increase a child’s understanding of it and therefore can’t understand why subjects (all secondary) aren’t setting it as regular homework.

I would suggest you make time to read  EEF IMPROVING LITERACY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS, They have an excellent PDF you can download to support literacy (they also have a primary version).

They “challenge the notion that literacy in secondary school is solely the preserve of English teachers, or literacy coordinators. The emphasis on disciplinary literacy makes clear that every teacher communicates their subject through academic language, and that reading, writing, speaking and listening are at the heart of knowing and doing Science, Art, History, and every other subject in secondary school.”


The EEF states:

“Historically, many secondary school teachers have not seen themselves as literacy experts. Teaching children to read has been the domain of primary schools, or the responsibility of teachers in the English department at a push. Some cross-curricular efforts have held promise, but, in most secondary schools, the challenge of literacy today is greater than ever.” 

Primary and English teachers” that really is Scandalous!

In English, we do read a great variety of writing styles and genres. But if you are looking for ideas on how to promote reading outside of lessons/homework – these are some examples of initiatives we use:

  • Run regular reading challenges
  • Give a book away to all KS3 on WBD
  • We take all our KS3 to the library to borrow/research reading material
  • We give books as prizes alongside certificates as rewards
  • We work with other dpts to run competitions (eg design a new book cover, take a photo of extreme reading)
  • We do book displays
  • We recommend books to parents via our newsletter

Possibly the most important – we talk about books!

Finally, I would recommend:

Follow Alice Visser-Furay (@AVisserFuray) on twitter or read her blog: My Resources – Reading for Pleasure

literacy books

Read the following book, full of lots of practical ideas you can use immediately to raise literacy in your school:


The answers for the readability – Science and PE were the hardest to read and the easiest History and Maths  – but please remember only on those questions!

Thank you for reading.